Mao's On Protracted War is a product of specific(特殊的) historical(历史的) conditions. Facing Japanese aggression, a poor and weak China had no other choice but to encourage and unify(统一) its people for a protracted struggle. Since the US launched(发射) a trade war against China, quite a few Chinese economists(经济学者) and international relations scholars have projected a long-term competition between China and the US. But their prediction(预报) is based on structural(结构的) contradictions(矛盾) in bilateral(双边的) relations and the fact that the US has defined(有定义的) China as a strategic(战略上的) rival(对手) that must be contained. Does China want a protracted confrontation with the US, closing itself to the outside world and biding(等待) time to win over the US? Of course not. But there are always people in the US who view China as a foe.